Libya Risks Being Torn to Shreds — Again — by Former CIA Asset-Turned-Warlord

ER Editor: Below we offer two articles on the current situation in Libya, one by Alexander Rubinstein for MintPress News and the other by Richard Galustian for The Duran. We also recommend this piece by Southfront titled A NEW BATTLE FOR TRIPOLI: PRECONDITIONS AND PROSPECTS.

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Libya Risks Being Torn to Shreds — Again — by Former CIA Asset Turned Warlord

Already, the usual suspects are clamoring for U.S. intervention as Haftar’s forces advance on the capital. With not just al-Qaeda, but now ISIS, a threat to stability in the country, the New York Times is calling on the Trump administration to “act fast.”

ALEXANDER RUBINSTEIN

TRIPOLI, LIBYA — Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar, a 40-year veteran of Libyan politics and longtime CIA asset, on Thursday (ER: April 4) ordered his self-styled Libyan National Army (NLA) to advance on the densely populated capital, Tripoli, where the United Nations-backed government is seated.

In the aftermath of the “humanitarian intervention” led by NATO in support of jihadists seeking to oust longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, various factions have vied for power in the war-torn nation, once the wealthiest in Africa. According to the Special Monitoring Mission to Libya, forces loyal to Haftar, a former CIA asset, now control more than 77 percent of the country.

The situation in and around Tripoli was fluid through the weekend with at least 25 killed and 80 wounded, according to the country’s health ministry. U.S. military personnel have evacuated, as have some 2,800 civilians, according to the United Nations.

Haftar had addressed his forces, ironically ordering them to advance on Tripoli in order to free it from “militias and terrorists.” He vowed not to kill foreigners or civilians, but only those who “prefer confrontation and fighting.”

“We are coming, Tripoli, we are coming,” he said.

That was shortly after his troops captured the town of Gharyan, which is just 62 miles (100km) from the capital. The following day, AFP reported that Haftar’s troops were expelled from a “key checkpoint” just 16 miles (27km) from Tripoli. Reportedly, some 130 fighters loyal to Haftar were taken prisoner. The outlet quotes a spokesperson for the NLA as saying:

There will be other hubs that will be opened within the next hours for the advancement towards Tripoli from multiple sides and places. Large forces have now been set out; approximately two teams, light infantry and mechanized infantry.”

On the brink — again?

Observers fear that the confrontation will escalate into a full-scale civil war in the nation, which is still reeling from the NATO-backed intervention. Haftar’s announcement of an advance on Tripoli came as the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres was wrapping up a peace-brokering mission in the country, in which he met with Haftar as well as the UN-backed prime minister, Fayez al-Serraj (pictured).

“I leave Libya with a heavy heart and deeply concerned. I still hope it is possible to avoid a bloody confrontation in and around Tripoli,” Guterres lamented. The developments also come ahead of UN-brokered peace talks slated for April 14-16. On Friday, the UN Security Council held an emergency meeting on the situation.

The UN-backed government shows no signs of holding out for the peace talks. Prime Minister al-Serraj reportedly ordered his military to be prepared for combat and gave the green light for airstrikes in a bid to “defend the civilian population and crucial facilities,” Tass reports.

Who is Haftar?

Haftar recently told an Arabic-language newspaper that “Libyans will have a single cabinet this month,” RT reported, noting that should Haftar take power, he would control the largest oil reserves in Africa, although he already controls many oil fields. Haftar’s ambition to rule is decades old. He was among a group of officers responsible for the coup that installed Gadaffi in 1969. After being taken prisoner by Chad in 1987 while working for Gaddafi, Haftar turned his back on the leader.

Khalifa Haftar, third left, leaves after an International Conference on Libya at the Elysee Palace, in Paris, France May 29, 2018. Francois Mori | AP

Khalifa Haftar, third left, leaves after an International Conference on Libya at the Elysee Palace, in Paris, France May 29, 2018. Francois Mori | AP

After his release, which was secured with U.S. assistance, Haftar joined the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, an opposition group supported by the CIA, to prepare an army that could overthrow Gaddafi. According to officials cited in a 1991 New York Times report, Haftar’s men were “trained” by “American intelligence officials in sabotage and other guerilla skills.” He was eventually flown to Langley, Virginia — where the CIA is headquartered — and lived there for two decades, working with the CIA to topple the Libyan leader from abroad. He and 350 fighters loyal to him were admitted into the U.S. and given refugee status.

In 1996, Haftar went back to Libya and again attempted to depose the leader.

But by the time Gaddafi was ousted in 2011, Haftar had fallen into obscurity. Then, in 2014, as the local al-Qaeda affiliate Ansar al-Sharia was occupying Benghazi, Libya’s second largest city, Haftar announced his return on Libyan television. He then launched Operation Dignity, which ousted the Islamists from Benghazi. In 2016. Haftar launched Operation Swift Thunder, which took control of key positions in the “oil crescent” from the UN-backed government.

The following year, Haftar banned women under the age of 60 from traveling alone in areas under his control.

Already, the usual suspects are clamoring for U.S. intervention as Haftar’s forces advance on the capital. With not just al-Qaeda, but now ISIS, a threat to stability in the country, the New York Times is calling on the Trump administration to “act fast.”

But it was U.S. involvement in the Middle East and North Africa that led to the wholesale destruction of Iraq and Syria, and produced figures like the CIA-trained Hafter in the first place. U.S. involvement in Libya, in particular, led to black Africans being sold as slaves in open-air markets and to the refugee crisis inflaming the ultra-right in Europe.

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Original article

ER recommends other articles by MintPress News

Featured photo | Libyan National Army members, commanded by Khalifa Haftar, depart to reinforce troops advancing on Tripoli, in Benghazi, Libya April 7, 2019. Esam Omran Al-Fetori | Reuters

Alexander Rubinstein is a staff writer for MintPress News based in Washington, DC. He reports on police, prisons and protests in the United States and the United States’ policing of the world. He previously reported for RT and Sputnik News.

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The Last Battle For Libya

Haftar’s LNA units said they had taken control of the town of Gharyan, about 50 miles south of the capital Tripoli.

Richard Galustian RICHARD GALUSTIAN

The prize is Tripoli, for anyone that can take it and secure it by this summer. That will, it’s felt by many, stabilise Libya or, conversely, at worse, make Her descend into a greater quagmire resulting in a new phase of very intense fighting and all out civil war.

Not much hope, at this moment, to feel optimism for a peaceful conclusion in Libya between the warring parties.

One of the reasons for such pessimism is the failed visit to Tripoli of the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres (and his U.N. Envoy for Libya Ghassan Salame) culminating a news conference there on Thursday.

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres with his U.N. Envoy for Libya, Ghassan Salame

Having arrived there for talks with the U.N. selected GNA Government of Fayez Serraj ….ahead of hopes for National Reconciliation Conference planned for the middle of this month, they were caught off guard.

Because simultaneously Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar was ordering his Libyan National Army (LNA) troops to “advance” on Tripoli.

Guterres’s parting words as he left Tripoli were fairly despondent: “I leave Libya with a heavy heart and deeply concerned. I still hope it is possible to avoid a bloody confrontation in and around Tripoli.”

Though ‘Prime Minister’ Serraj and Field Marshall Haftar met in Abu Dhabi last month to discuss a potential power sharing agreement, regardless fighting broke out on Wednesday evening between Haftar’s forces and ‘militiamen’ loyal to Serraj’s government.

On Thursday morning, Haftar’s LNA units said they had taken control of the town of Gharyan, about 50 miles south of the capital Tripoli.

Immediately Mr Guterres called for de-escalation and reiterated his view that there is “no military solution” to the country’s eight-year, what tantamounts to a slow burning, civil war.

“There can be no National Conference in these circumstances,” he told reporters in Tripoli.

While in his radio address on Thursday evening, Haftar ordered a “victorious march” on Tripoli to “shake the lands under the feet of the unjust bunch,” adding “Tripoli, we hear your call,” concluding significantly with a ‘olive branch type ground rule’, by saying “Whoever raises the white flag will be safe.”

So to recap: the two main power rivals are Fayez Serraj’s Government, called the GNA internationally-recognised and chosen, repeat chosen, not elected, by the U.N., who are based in Tripoli, and a rival government, located in the East of Libya, in Benghazi (and Tobruk); however, this one was elected by the Libyan people; an administration called the HoR, whose Army Chief of Staff is Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar.

Haftar’s Army has also recently completed a campaign that leaves them controlling large areas of the south of the Country.

These territorial gains in the main were achieved by ‘cutting deals’ with local militia groups, rather than fighting them. A very Libyan solution!

The ‘$64,000’ question is: has or will Haftar secure a permanent reliable deal with enough of the important militias in both Zintan and Misrata? Militias who are currently in the pay of those that run Tripoli today.

If hypothetically there were a lasting agreement with Zintan and/or Misrata and Haftar, then but only then would Haftar have a chance of taking Tripoli, by June at a guess, and he could declare an interim government.

What many people fail to realise is that Haftar, at 75 years old, has no appetite to keep the reigns of power. Haftar would prefer to be a figurehead such as a ceremonial President. His primary objective is to eradicate former terrorists like Abdul Hakim Belhadj and all senior members of the Muslim Brotherhood currently wielding the real power in Tripoli.

Not forgetting that Haftar personally enjoys the backing from Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, who see him as a potential leader. Russia and France are also favourably disposed to Haftar, too. Eventually, one would presume, the US will warm to him as well given the past association Haftar had with America.

In conclusion, therefore, is the prediction that IF Haftar persuades enough of the Western militias to either stand down and/or join him, that the last battle for Libya can start in Tripoli ….with hopefully Haftar prevailing and finally bringing peace to Libya.

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Original article

ER recommends other articles by The Duran

 

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