Ruling PiS party committed to law banning most terminations and making maximum jail term for practitioners five years
Agence France-Presse in Warsaw
Rightwing lawmakers are pushing ahead with a near-total ban on abortion in devoutly Catholic Poland, while rejecting a rival bid to liberalise an existing law which is already among the most restrictive in Europe.
The governing conservative Law and Justice (PiS) party, which controls parliament, has sent to committee a bill that would allow terminations only if the mother’s life was at risk, and increase the maximum jail term for practitioners from two years to five.
The citizen’s initiative tabled in parliament by the Stop Abortion coalition would also make mothers liable to prison terms, though judges could waive punishment.
Poland’s influential Catholic church gave the initiative its seal of approval earlier this year, though its bishops have since opposed jailing women.
The head of Poland’s KAI Catholic information agency, Marcin Przeciszewski, said he expected the PiS would axe the provision on jailing women during legislative work.
An anti-abortion demonstration in front of the Polish parliament in Warsaw. Photograph: Wojtek Radwański/AFP/Getty Images
The proposal, which the Council of Europe called a “serious backsliding on women’s rights”, inspired several large pro-choice marches and a rival drive to liberalise the law that lawmakers struck down on Friday in its first reading.
Tabled by the Save Women pro-choice coalition, it would have allowed abortion until the 12th week of pregnancy.
Save Women activist Barbara Nowacka vowed on Friday to try again.
“Parliament doesn’t want to talk about women’s rights, dignity, a decent life, sex education or birth control, but that doesn’t mean that we’ll give up,” she said.
Although the PiS generally favours banning abortion, its leaders are well aware that most Poles support the existing legislation.
Passed in 1993, the current law bans all terminations unless there was rape or incest, the pregnancy poses a health risk to the mother, or the foetus is severely deformed.
A poll published this week by the Newsweek Polska magazine showed that 74% of Poles want to keep the existing law.
The country of 38 million people sees less than 2,000 legal abortions a year, but women’s groups estimate that another 100,000-150,000 procedures are performed illegally or abroad.
Lawmakers also sent to committee a PiS-proposed bill intended to limit in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), the treatment that involves fertilising an egg outside a woman’s body to produce an embryo that can then be implanted in her womb.
The measure would notably make it illegal to freeze embryos, which its proponents say are human beings from the moment of fertilisation.
It would also only allow women to fertilise one egg at a time, thus considerably reducing the chances of a successful pregnancy.
ER recommends other articles by the Guardian and Agence-France Presse
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